The bowl of fruits and flowers by José MANGE 1866-1935

20th century
Modern Art
From: 83330, LE CASTELLET, France

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    Oil on wood measuring 46cm x 37cm plus frame 61 x 52cm signed lower right
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    Joseph Julien Casimir Mange known as José Mange, born on October 10, 1866 and died on January 7, 1935 in Toulon, was a French landscape painter and poet.
    José Mange was born in Toulon, on October 10, 1866 at 10 o'clock in the morning, on the 1st floor of a house located at 74 boulevard de Strasbourg (former boulevard Bonaparte). He was the son of Eugène Auguste, born in Hyères in 1836, a lawyer registered at the Toulon bar, and of Marie Louise Bonniot, born in 1839.
    From his childhood, José received a very careful education. He studied from 1876 to 1886 at the Catholic college in Aix-en-Provence, which was directed by Monseigneur Guillebert. He visited the Granet Museum where he met Paul Cezanne. He obtained his baccalaureate in 1886.
    His beginnings as a painter in Paris
    José Mange, at the age of 18 in 1886, confided to Paul Cezanne his desire to become an artist and, in order to do so, to go and study in Paris, as soon as his studies were completed.
    He moved to Paris in 1886 to study painting until 1890. A student of Jean-Paul Laurens and Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant, he became friends with Louis Denis-Valvérane. Their common admiration for Frédéric Mistral made them join the Société des Félibres de Paris.
    In 1892, Mange founded with Maurras the Escolo Parisienco (the Parisian School), a circle that presented itself as a society of young Félibres freed from their elders.
    In 1893 he participated for the first time in the Salon des artistes indépendants and sold a painting. Accompanied by Denis Valvérane, he stayed that same year in Toulon during the visit of the Russian fleet1.
    From 1894 to 1897 he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants and in 1900 he exhibited at the Salon d'Automne and the Salon des Tuileries.
    He returned to Toulon in 1900, at 2, rue Marchand and continued to send works to Paris to the salons and galleries.
    In 1902 he participated in the first Salon des Amis des Arts de Toulon (Place de la Liberté). He exhibited at the same time as his master Cézanne. Unhappy with the place reserved for his master's painting, Mange withdrew his painting. From 1903 to 1909 he participated in the annual exhibitions of the Friends of the Arts of Toulon.
    He gradually surrounded himself with a small group of painter friends Olive-Tamari, Friesz, Mintchine, Baboulène, Sabatier, Segal, Échevin. In June, he published a poetic pamphlet entitled "Oh Palamède!" in the weekly magazine Je dis tout from Toulon.
    1928 During an exhibition at the Salle Apollo (boulevard de Strasbourg), he was noticed by Bruno Bassano with Bianchieri, Chardeyron, Meurise, Latapie, Salvado, Saint-Paul and Segal.
    Léon Vérane spoke of him in these terms "José Mange, I want to introduce him to you. Imagine Mistral or Buffalo Bill, on the sixty years, the size is high, slightly arched, the smiling face with the royal which prolongs it; under the felt with broad edges, the eyes are soft, indulgent, with I do not know what of juvenile, carefree, which allures with the first contact".
    José Mange died on January 7, 1935 in Toulon.

    Public collections
    Toulon Art Museum, Simon Segal Museum in Aups (Var),
    Retrospectives and posthumous exhibitions
    In February 1935 at the Gallery "Le Trident", in Toulon (prefaced by Léon Vérane). In June 1941 at the Toulon Museum, organized by the municipality. In May 1948 at the "Galerie de Paris", in Toulon. In July 1950 at the gallery "Les Amis des Arts", in Aix en Provence.
    In January 1961 at the Toulon Museum, organized by "Les Amis de l'Art Vivant" (prefaced by the poet Philippe Chabaneix).
    XXI Biennial of Painting July 6 to July 28, 1985 Le Revest Les Eaux (Var) - Extract from Poetry and Painting by Paul Lanza [archive].
    Toulon exhibition of July 04, 2003
    After the retrospective organized in 1961 by the Society of Friends of Living Art, José Mange was the subject of a major exhibition at the Toulon Art Museum from July 5 to November 3, 2003. "The Art Museum, rich in Provençal painting, pays a well-deserved tribute to the artist who was a key figure in the artistic life of Toulon at the beginning of the last century", declared Hubert Falco.
    "José Mange appears to the Toulon people as an original painter, a "character" who by his physiognomy, close to Frederic Mistral, his powerful and colored painting that one recognizes instantly, his political ideas, has marked the local artistic life between 1900 and 1930.

    Ref: 9LVU3RXMSD

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