Sculpture - Cat And Her Cubs By Emmanuel Fremiet (1824-1910) , Bronze XIXth Century

19th century
Other style
From: 93400, Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine, France

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    Bronze group representing a cat and her babies by Emmanuel Fremiet .
    The cat is shown lying down , suckling her young .
    E . Frémiet is recognized as an excellent realistic animal sculptor , all his subjects are perfectly treated in a realistic manner , and represented with an artistic truth and anatomical rigor that will not weaken over the years .
    Bronze group with brown patina .
    Signature of the sculptor " E. FREMIET " , hollow on the drapery in front of the animal .
    Old cast iron .
    Bronze numbered , 108 .
    19th century period .
    Very good state of preservation and patina .

    Emmanuel Fremiet (1824-1910)

    Emmanuel Fremiet was the nephew and pupil of the sculptor François Rude .

    Alongside his monumental works commissioned by the state , he is recognized as an excellent realist animal sculptor .
    Emmanuel Fremiet is mainly devoted to equestrian statues .
    He began as a scientific lithographer (osteology) and worked in the morgue's painters' studio .

    In 1843 , he sent a gazelle study to the Salon, a prelude to a prolific production .
    His Wounded Bear and Wounded Dog were acquired by the State for the Musée du Luxembourg in Paris in 1850 .
    During the 1850s , Fremiet produced works on the theme of Napoleon III...

    He exhibited bronzes representing the bassets of Napoleon III , Ravageot and Ravagode, at the 1853 Salon .

    From 1855 to 1859 , he executed a series of statuettes on military subjects for the Emperor .
    He created the Monument of Napoleon I in 1868 and that of Louis d'Orléans in 1869 (Château de Pierrefonds).
    In 1874, Emmanuel Fremiet designed the first Equestrian Monument to Joan of Arc , erected on Place des Pyramides in Paris, which he replaced following criticism of the proportions with another version in 1900 .

    During this period , he also executed Pan et les oursons (Paris, Musée d'Orsay). At the end of the 19th century , a fashionable theme inspired Fremiet and other artists : that of the confrontation between Man and Beast .
    A news item reported by the newspaper " Le Temps " related that in a Gabonese village , a lost and furious gorilla would have kidnapped and molested a woman , after having destroyed huts , in 1880 . Moreover , the accounts of explorers like Alfred Russel Wallace fill the newspapers with articles and engravings illustrating the attack of a Malaysian tracker by an orangutan .

    This theme inspired Fremiet to several major works .
    The Gorilla Abducting a Negress was first refused at the Salon of 1859 , then presented behind a curtain .
    A new version Gorilla abducting a woman received a medal of honor at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français of 1887, of which he was a member until 1908 .
     This work, famous in its time, nevertheless caused a scandal because it represented a gorilla abducting a naked woman, allegedly with the intention of raping her , which aroused the curiosity of the public. In the same vein and even more remarkable is The Orang-outang strangling a savage of Borneo (1895) , a commission from the National Museum of Natural History in Paris , inspired by the accounts of Wallace , reported with much exaggeration by The times .

    This time the animal is a male, and by strangling the “savage”, he accomplishes an act as impossible , physically and ethologically , as the rape of a woman by a gorilla .
    But art works and generations of visitors to the gallery of the Museum where it is exhibited have been horrified by the force emanating from the work .

    In 1893 , Fremiet produced the Monument to Velázquez for the Colonnade garden of the Louvre Palace in Paris and , in 1897, the statue of Saint Michael slaying the dragon for the spire of the abbey church of Mont Saint-Michel .
    Fremiet was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1892 and succeeded Antoine-Louis Barye as professor of animal drawing at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris .

    He was a member of the Society of French Artists until 1908 .

    Ref: D6D3PDPAVZ

    Style Other style (Animal sculptures bronzes of Other style Style)
    Century 19th century (Animal sculptures bronzes 19th century)
    Country of origin France
    Artist Emmanuel Frémiet
    Width (cm) 20 cm
    Height (cm) 8,5 cm
    Materials Bronze, Patinated Bronze 
    Shipping Time Ready to ship in 2-3 Business Days
    Location 93400, Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine, France

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